Secure Your New PC
Don't forget to implement necessary security
measures when you set up your new PC at home.
Just taking a new computer out of the box and
connecting it to the Internet is not safe. You
are exposing your PC to a number of security risks,
such as virus and malicious codes infection, spam
emails, denial of service attacks, disclosure
of personal or sensitive information and so on.
Take necessary precautions to ensure that your
computer is well protected before you connect
it to the online world.
Step 1: Set up the administrator account and
other user accounts.
You should set up the administrator account and
other user accounts properly. It is important
to assign a strong password to the administrator
account. This account is often used for configuring
In addition, configure other user accounts properly. For example in Windows 7 go to the "Control
Panel" and select "User Accounts".
Make sure that the Guest account is disabled.
Then check that every account that is subtitled
"Computer administrator" is set up with
a strong password. If your computer is going to
be shared by other members of your family, you
should consider setting up a 'Limited' user account
for their use. You may create personal folders
for different members of the family.
to learn about handling account and password.
Step 2: Install and configure anti-virus software.
To protect your computer from virus and malicious
code attacks, you should install and properly
configure anti-virus software. Some new computers
come bundled with anti-virus software, but the
software is often a limited-time trial version.
Check the terms and conditions before use. If
your computer does not have any anti-virus software
installed, you should buy some and install it
before connecting to the Internet. For effective
protection, you should update your software with
the latest definition files, scan your computer
and enable the real-time detection feature.
to learn more about installing & enabling
: Install and enable a personal firewall.
You can use a personal firewall to keep intruders
out of your PC.
Secure the wireless network.
If you are using a wireless network, you have
to configure and set up the wireless network properly
and in a secure way.
Step 5: Configure your web browser.
As your web browser will likely be the primary
interface with the Internet, a poorly configured
web browser can allow malicious code to be downloaded
onto your computer. Use the following tips to
configure your web browser.
- Disable any active content options e.g. Java,
when communicating with a trusted source.
- Use up-to-date browser versions and apply
the latest patches.
- Disable the password auto-complete/ remember
- Enable the pop-up blocking feature, except
when communicating with trusted sites.
- Regularly remove cache files or temporary
files from the browser to protect your data
- Disable automatic installation of plug-ins,
add-ons or other software.
Step 6: Apply
the latest patches.
You are ready to connect to the Internet now.
The first task is to apply the latest security
patches and updates to your anti-virus software,
operating system and all other installed software.
Restart your computer after the installation is
complete and check that all updates have been
successfully installed. Also, remember to ensure
that you have turned on the auto-update features
for your anti-virus software and operating system.
Please note that these steps are only basic security
precautions. You should learn about other security
measures and stay alert to the latest security
news, threats and vulnerabilities.