The main piece of legislation introduced against
computer related crime is the Computer Crimes
Ordinance. Enacted in 1993, it has, through amending
the Telecommunications Ordinance (Cap. 106), Crimes
Ordinance (Cap. 200) and Theft Ordinance (Cap.
210), created some new offences and broadened
the coverage of existing offences.
Enacted on 7 January 2000 to facilitate the use
of electronic transactions for commercial and
other purposes. It gives electronic records and
digital signatures used in electronic transactions
the same legal status as that of their paper-based
counterparts. It also enables the Postmaster General
to provide the services of a certification authority.
The Unsolicited Electronic Messages Ordinance
(UEMO) was enacted in May 2007 with an aim to
regulate the sending of all forms of commercial
electronic messages (CEMs) with the "Hong
Kong link". It establishes the rules for
sending CEMs such as providing accurate sender
information and unsubscribe facilities as well
as the launch of the do-not-call registers, and
prohibits professional spamming activities such
as the use of unscrupulous means to gather/generate
recipient lists for sending CEMs without the consent
of recipients, and fraudulent activities related
to the sending of multiple CEMs.
For detail, please visit Antispam
To protect the privacy interests of living individuals
in relation to personal data. The Ordinance covers
any data relating directly or indirectly to a
living individual (data subject), from which it
is practicable to ascertain the identity of the
individual and which are in a form in which access
or processing is practicable. It applies to any
person (data user) that controls the collection,
holding, processing or use of personal data.
Hong Kong's new Copyright Ordinance came into
effect on 27 June 1997. It provides comprehensive
protection for recognised categories of literary,
dramatic, musical and artistic works, as well
as for films, television broadcasts and cable
diffusion, and works made available to the public
on the Internet.
In many cases, although no explicit reference
to the cyber environment is made, the relevant
legislation may be interpreted to cover both the
physical and the virtual worlds. For example,
the provisions of the Personal Data (Privacy)
Ordinance are equally applicable to the cyber
environment as the physical environment.