Index for glossary M
A mail bomb is the sending of a massive amount of email to a specific person or system. A huge amount of mail may simply fill up the recipient's disk space on the server or, in some cases, may be too much for a server to handle and may cause the server to stop functioning.
Malicious code refers to computer viruses, worms, spyware, Trojan Horses and other undesirable software. Attack made by using such software is to cause disruption either by deleting files, sending emails, or rendering the host system inoperable.
A generic term for a number of different types of malicious code.
Man in the Middle (MITM) Attack
A man-in-the-middle attack (MITM) is an attack in which an attacker sits between two parties (the sender and receiver), captures and modify the communication messages of the two parties, and then sends the modified messages to the two parties.
A system entity illegitimately poses as (assumes the identity of) another entity.
It is a process by which data is irreversibly removed from media or the media is permanently destroyed.
A compact representative of a message that is created by a cryptographic algorithm. It changes with the original message.
Authentication using two or more factors. Factors include: (i) something you know (e.g. password/PIN); (ii) something you have (e.g., cryptographic identification device, token); or (iii) something you are (e.g., biometric).